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Rubio Introduces Bill to Combat China’s Rare Earth Monopoly, Boost U.S. Advanced Manufacturing

Jul 11, 2019 | Press Releases

Washington, D.C. — Today, U.S. Senator Marco Rubio (R-FL) will introduce the RE-Coop 21st Century Manufacturing Act. The legislation would establish a privately funded, operated, and managed Rare Earth Refinery Cooperative responsible for coordinating the establishment of a fully integrated domestic rare earth value chain to serve U.S. national security interests and restore American competitiveness of critical advanced manufacturing industries.
 
“As the Chinese government and Communist Party aggressively subsidize and invest in their own economy at our expense, we must shift our policies to restore the competitiveness of critical American industries for the 21st century,” Rubio said. “Beijing’s mercantilist tactics have contributed to a market failure for the development of rare earth resources, both in the United States and around the world. Continued U.S. dependence on China for the mining and processing of rare earths and the manufacture of those metals into useful products is untenable — it threatens our national security, limits our economic productivity, and robs working-class Americans of future opportunities for dignified work.
 
“The RE-Coop 21st Century Manufacturing Act is a crucial ingredient for the resurgence of America’s advanced manufacturing sector by allowing domestic industries to regain competitiveness and break China’s control over the global rare earth value chain,” Rubio continued. “We can’t beat China by playing their game, which is why this bill harnesses the American cooperative model as a time-tested way to correct for failed markets without relying on heavy-handed federal intervention. We are in a geopolitical competition that will determine the future prosperity of our nation, and it is long overdue for the U.S. government to act like it in every phase of our work for the American people.”
 
Background: 
Currently, China is the world’s leader in rare earth mining, processing, and manufacturing. Because specialized electronics are dependent on rare earths, virtually every monitor, computer, or other advanced electronics contain rare earth components from China, including weapons systems and advanced aeronautics. The U.S. has acknowledged that this is a significant vulnerability, and both the U.S. and Japan were targeted by a temporary Chinese rare earth export embargo in the fall of 2010. Recently, the Chinese have alluded to reinstituting an export embargo to gain leverage in trade talks with the U.S.