By Senator Marco Rubio and Representative Tom Cotton
March 4, 2014
Congress returns to Washington facing the biggest international crisis in years. It is critical the House of Representatives and Senate work together to send a strong and unified message that Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is unacceptable, and take quick action to punish President Vladimir Putin.
While we are both relatively new to Washington, we’ve been here long enough to realize that our divided Congress isn’t good at “quick action” or “unified messages.”
Yet we also recognize that the roots of Russia’s actions last week to invade and control Crimea are complex, and they predate President Barack Obama’s tenure. This challenge is truly bigger than our partisan divides.
Putin clearly decided that the benefits of an armed intervention in Ukraine outweighed whatever costs the United States would be willing to impose.
The United States must reset that calculation.
In that spirit, we welcome Obama’s call for bipartisan action in the Congress, which will hopefully move to quickly pass a serious package of financial support for Ukraine and to bolster the authorities that the administration already has to pursue and penalize Russian individuals and entities.
The United States must make clear to Putin that by violating Ukraine’s sovereignty and violating multiple international commitments, he has made a strategic miscalculation that will lead to severe impacts for Russia’s economy and its standing in the world.
Beyond immediate financial actions against the Russian regime and even Putin himself, if Russia attempts to expand its military operations and threatens eastern Ukraine, we and our allies in Europe need to be ready to implement a trade embargo, explore restrictions on imports of Russian natural gas, and cut off Russian banks from the international financial system. We also need to open up exports of domestic natural gas to our allies and partners in the region so that they are less susceptible to Russia’s efforts to use energy as a weapon.
If, in the coming days, Russia does not back down, Ukraine will require more than just our moral and financial support, including defense assistance in the form of a military assessment team to examine Ukraine’s needs, as well as enhanced intelligence cooperation.
Our allies and partners in Central and Eastern Europe are undoubtedly watching this situation with much apprehension about what it says about the credibility of American leadership and the future of the transatlantic alliance.
To this end, we need to support our emerging partners in the region.
For years, Georgia has been requesting a defensive arms package that would include anti-aircraft and anti-tank capabilities that the 2008 conflict showed were sorely needed.
We need to provide this support and finalize a Membership Action Plan (MAP) for Georgia to join NATO. For those partners already in the pipeline for membership, we should move up accession as soon as possible, even as early as the NATO Summit in Wales in September.
Recent events should break the freeze on NATO expansion that has been in place for the past five years. It is precisely the ambiguity in which NATO left Georgia after the 2008 Bucharest Summit that fueled Russia’s belief that it can bully NATO partners and not face a credible response.
We also need to show solidarity with our allies who are already in NATO. We should make clear that we share Turkey’s concerns about the status of Crimean Turks and other ethnic minorities. And we should reject Russia’s claims that it is protecting ethnic Russians.
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